Macronutrients - Protein

What are Proteins?

Proteins are complex molecules; they consist of linked amino acids. A protein is a "macronutrient," meaning that the body needs relatively large amounts in order to function efficiently. Protein is the most vital macronutrient because it builds and maintains the entire body structure. The body is not able to utilize all protein at one time. The unused protein is converted to carbohydrates and used immediately for energy, or it is stored as fat. The body does not store protein; therefore, it has no reservoir to draw on when it needs a new supply. For example, if an individual consumes a lot of protein on Monday, it is not available on Tuesday. The protein consumed at breakfast is pretty much used up by dinner time. Proteins are the basic elements of all animal tissue; in addition, about 17% of our bodies consist of proteins. At least 10,000 different proteins make each person who they are and keep them that way. Because muscles are built from protein, people need to consume and synthesize enough protein to maintain healthy, hard-working muscles. The body is unable to use food protein directly, even though the amino acids in food and in the body are the same. Protein is ingested; then, digestive enzymes break the protein down into shorter amino acid chains (polypeptides and then peptides), and finally into individual amino acids. The amino acids then enter the blood stream and travel to the cells where they are incorporated into proteins the body needs.



Macronutrients - Protein

Proteins form the body's main structural elements, and are found in every cell and tissue. Some of the benefits received from protein consumption include the following:

- Growth and development

- Tissue repair: Protein is the only macronutrient that promotes lean tissue growth.

- Protects immune function

- Aids in digestion process

- Energy source: When carbohydrates and fats are unable to meet the body's energy needs, proteins can be broken down and used as a source of emergency energy.

- Produces essential hormones and enzymes: Protein assists in synthesizing enzymes and hormones, maintaining fluid balance, and regulating such vital functions as building antibodies against infection, blood clotting, and scar formation. Proteins also help formulate enzymes the body utilizes to send messages that provide a person with the ability to see, think, hear and move.

- Healthy functions: Protein promotes healthy bones, teeth, skin, hair, nails.

Food Sources

Proteins that are found in foods that supply enough of the essential amino acids are known as complete proteins; if not, it is an incomplete protein. The protein content of cooked meat and dairy products is from 15% to 40%, and that of cooked cereals, beans, lentils, and peas only from 3% to 10%. All meat and other animal products are sources of complete protein. For example: beef, lamb, pork, poultry, eggs, fish, shellfish, milk and milk products, vegetable dietary protein sources. Plant foods contain the same amino acids as animal foods, but in different amounts. Protein in foods such as most grains, fruits, and vegetables are considered incomplete proteins, being either low in, or lacking, one of the essential amino acids. Plant protein sources can be combined with other plant or animal products to form a complete protein; examples include the following: rice and beans, milk and wheat cereal, corn and beans. Plant foods that are considered complete proteins include nuts, soy foods (tofu, tempeh, miso, and soy milk), sprouted seeds (each type of sprout differs in nutrient proportions, consume a variety), grains (especially amaranth and quinoa, highest in protein), beans and legumes, (especially when eaten raw), spirulina and chorella or blue-green algae (over 60% protein).

Amino acids make up proteins. There are about 20 amino acids that are the building blocks of protein. These amino acids build DNA, cell membranes, hormones, receptors, brain chemicals, and many other molecules in the body. Both the amino acids manufactured in the liver and those derived from the breakdown of the proteins we eat are absorbed into the blood stream and are taken up by the cells and tissues to build new proteins as needed. Nine of the twenty amino acids required by human beings are considered "essential" because they come only from the individual's nutrition plan; the other 11 are considered "nonessential" because the body can make them. A complete protein contains all the essential amino acids in amounts necessary for the body.

There are nine amino acids that are essential for your health. They are essential because your body is unable to produce them on its own. They consist of the following:

- Isoleucine

- Leucine

- Lysine

- Methionine

- Phenylalanine

- Threonine

- Tryptophan

- Valine

- Histidine

Non-essential amino acids can be made from the essential amino acids.

Other necessary amino acids include:

- Arginine

- Cystine

- Glutamine

- Glycine

- Proline

- Tyrosine

- Alanine

- Aspartic Acid

- Hydroxyproline

- Serine

Protein Intake

Everyday, the body uses more protein than one is able to intake; therefore, the body needs to continuously consume enough proteins to maintain a healthy lifestyle. If the body does not obtain enough proteins through food, the individual will begin to start using proteins in the body, including muscle proteins. As a healthy rule, consuming 20%-35% of an individual's total nutritional calories should come from protein.

When maintaining a healthy lifestyle, consuming approximately .5 grams of protein per body weight is suggested. For example, if an individual weighs 150 pounds, they should consume 75 grams of protein from their total calorie intake.

Increasing the amount of protein intake is necessary when an individual is trying to gain muscle mass and size. An individual weighing 150 pounds should be consuming 1.0 to 1.5 grams of protein from their total calorie intake. Therefore, protein consumption should be approximately 150 to 225 grams of protein. Maintaining a high protein nutritional plan for long periods can cause unhealthy medical conditions. Consequently, when looking to increase muscle size, creating a nutritional plan high in protein should be cycled on and off to allow the body time to recover from the increased protein intake. High protein intake overtime can cause liver and kidney disease, which causes your body to inefficiently process proteins.

Whether a person is an avid strength trainer, a marathon runner, or just an average exerciser, a balanced diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, fish, and complex carbohydrates is what nutritionists recommend.

Protein Deficiency

Most Americans consume more than enough protein in their daily nutritional plans. A protein deficiency is defined as eating 50% to 75% of the recommended amount of daily protein. When an individual does not consume enough protein, his or her body becomes deficient; much like it does for other micronutrients. The first sign of protein deficiency is weak muscles. Protein plays an important role in developing strong muscles. White spots on nails and brittle hair are often good indicators of protein deficiency. Serious deficiencies can lead to consequences for the body: these include muscle deterioration and wrinkling of the skin.

Macronutrients - Protein

Robert C. Fisher is a certified personal trainer and founder/CEO of The Fitness-Foundation, LLC. Robert is also the author of the the book "Commitment, Knowledge, Motivation: A Simple Strategy for a Healthy Lifestyle." To view more articles visit the The Fitness-Foundation, LLC at []

Protein Principles for Diabetes

Dietary considerations can present a Hobson's choice in diabetes. Even when the intake is nutritious, assimilating it can be another matter. Then there is the problem of progression of diabetic complications if one ends up with excess glucose or fat in the system. Excess carbohydrates in a meal, and the resulting uncontrolled blood sugar levels can be detrimental to any number of tissues, from the lens of the eye, to the neurons, small blood vessels and the kidneys. Fat is also a problem with increase incidences of atherosclerosis, large vessel disease and cardiac complications. What, then is the appropriate macronutrient for the diabetic population? Enough medical literature exists to suggest that in diabetes, proteins are probably the best bet.

Proteins are the natural choice of the body when faced with diabetes. In uncontrolled diabetes, muscle protein is broken down into amino acids to be converted into glucose by the liver. If left to fend for itself, this can create a commotion within the body. Since proteins have to supply enough energy to substitute for carbohydrates, proteins are broken down faster than they are made. The body ends up with a protein deficit, a situation with subtle, yet far-reaching effects on normal body functions. Importantly, for diabetics, a protein deficit has been shown to impair resistance to infections (Ganong WF). Replenishing the depleting protein stores is a vital requirement of all diabetic diets.


Importance of proteins in a diabetic has been well documented. The American Associations of Clinical Endocrinologists have made it clear that not much evidence exists to indicate that the patients with diabetes need to reduce their intake of dietary proteins. The AACE recommends that 10-20% of the calorie intake in diabetes should come from proteins (AACE Diabetes Guidelines). It is in fact believed that this is one nutrient that does not increase blood glucose levels in both diabetics and healthy subjects (Gannon et al).

Protein Principles for Diabetes

Nutrition therapy for diabetes has progressed from prevention of obesity or weight gain to improving insulin's effectiveness and contributing to improved metabolic control (Franz MJ). In this new role, a high protein diet (30% of total food energy) forms a very pertinent part of nutrition therapy. One of the most important causes for type II diabetes is obesity. Excess body fat raises insulin resistance and higher levels of insulin are required to bring down blood sugars as the weight increases (Ganong WF). Another problem with excess fat is the clogging of arteries with atherosclerotic plaques that is responsible for a wide range of diabetic complications. Any mechanism that reduces body fat decreases insulin resistance and improves blood glucose control. Parker et al have also shown that a high protein diet decreased abdominal and total fat mass in women with type II diabetes. Other studies by Gannon et al. and Nuttall et al have verified that blood glucose levels and glycosylated hemoglobin (a marker of long term diabetic control) reduce after 5 weeks on a diet containing 30% of the total food energy in the form of proteins and low carbohydrate content. It is speculated that a high protein diet has a favorable effect in diabetes due to the ability of proteins and amino acids to stimulate insulin release from the pancreas. Thus, a high protein diet is not only safe in diabetes, but can also be therapeutic, resulting in improved glycemic control, and decreased risk of complications related to diabetes.

The benefits of a high protein diet do not end here. Individual protein components of such a diet, when aptly chosen, can have other advantages as well. Dietary supplements containing proteins like whey and casein come highly recommended. Casein is a milk protein and has the ability to form a gel or clot in the stomach. The ability to form this clot makes it very efficient in nutrient supply. The clot is able to provide a sustained, slow release of amino acids into the blood stream, sometimes lasting for several hours (Boirie et al. 1997). A slow sustained release of nutrients matches well with the limited amount of insulin that can be produced by the pancreas in diabetes. A protein supplement containing casein can thus increase the amount of energy assimilated from every meal and, at the same time, reduce the need for pharmacological interventions to control blood sugar.

Whey proteins and caseins also contain "casokinins" and "lactokinins', (FitzGerald) which have been found to decrease both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive humans (Seppo). In addition, whey protein forms bioactive amine in the gut that promotes immunity. Whey protein contains an ample supply of the amino acid cysteine. Cysteine appears to enhance glutathione levels, which has been shown to have strong antioxidant properties -- antioxidants mop up free radicals that induce cell death and play a role in aging.

Thus, development of a protein supplement containing casein and whey can provide an apt high protein diet and its health benefits to individuals suffering from diabetes, obesity and hypercholesterolemia.


Founded in 2001, Protica, Inc. is a nutritional research firm with offices in Lafayette Hill and Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. Protica manufactures capsulized foods, including Profect, a compact, hypoallergenic, ready-to-drink protein beverage containing zero carbohydrates and zero fat. Information on Protica is available at

You can also learn about Profect at

Copyright - Protica Research -


The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Medical guidelines for the management of diabetes. AACE Diabetes Guidelines, Endocr Pract. 2002; 8(Suppl 1).

Boirie, Y., Dangin, M., Gachon, P., Vasson, M.P., Maubois, J.L. and Beaufrere, B. (1997) Slow and fast dietary proteins differently modulate postprandial protein accretion. Proclamations of National Academy of Sciences 94, 14930-14935.

Counous, G. Whey protein concentrates (WPC) and glutathione modulation in cancer treatment. Anticancer Research 2000; 20, 4785-4792

FitzGerald RJ, Murray BA, Walsh D J. Hypotensive Peptides from Milk Proteins. J. Nutr. 134: 980S-988S, 2004.

Franz MJ. Prioritizing diabetes nutrition recommendations based on evidence. Minerva Med. 2004; 95(2):115-23.

Gannon et al An increase in dietary protein improves the blood glucose response in persons with type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78:734- 41.

Gannon MC, Nuttall J A, Damberg G. Effect of protein ingestion on the glucose appearance rate in people with type II diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86: 1040-1047, 2001

Ganong W F. Review of Medical Physiology, 21st Ed. Lange Publications 2003

Ha, E. and Zemel, M.B. Functional properties of whey, whey components, and essential amino acids: mechanisms underlying health benefits for active people. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 2003; 14, 251-258.

Kent KD, Harper WJ, Bomser JA. Effect of whey protein isolate on intracellular glutathione and oxidant-induced cell death in human prostate epithelial cells. Toxicol in Vitro. 2003; 17(1):27-33.

Nuttall et al. The Metabolic Response of Subjects with Type II Diabetes to a High-Protein, Weight-Maintenance. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88: 3577-3583, 2003

Parker et al. Effect of a High-Protein, High-Monounsaturated Fat Weight Loss Diet on glycemic Control and Lipid Levels in Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 25:425-430, 2002.

Seppo, L., Jauhiainen, T., Poussa, T. & Korpela, R. () A fermented milk high in bioactive peptides has a blood pressure-lowering effect in hypertensive subjects. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2003; 77: 326-330.
Unger RH. Glucagon physiology and pathophysiology. N Engl J Med. 1971; 285:443- 449.

Protein Principles for Diabetes

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When To Take Whey Protein For The Best Results

What Are The Best Times To Take Whey Protein To Really Pack On The Muscle?

When it comes to taking whey protein, it makes sense to try and consume the whey protein supplement for the best results. If an aspiring weight trainer is just starting out and looking to supplement their diet with a protein supplement, it can be very confusing as to when to take whey protein for best the results.


Let me give you a personal example. When I first started weight training, way back in '86, my first protein supplement was Beverly International's protein powder. Of course, this protein supplement was not a whey based product but a cheap variation of soy protein mixed with milk proteins.

When To Take Whey Protein For The Best Results

I'll be the first to say that these early protein powders mixed like cement and tasted slightly better. Anyways, I had no clue when to take this protein supplement. I basically took this protein powder once every two days. This was a complete waste of money with no benefit whatsoever.

First of all, my protein intake was very inconsistent which is not conducive to building muscle at all.

Secondly, every two days was not enough to affect my protein intake at all.

How was I supposed to know when to take a protein supplement? There was absolutely no information - No forums, no blogs, no Yahoo answers, no information sites (such as building muscle101..hehe), no internet, no nothing. If you were an aspiring weight trainer back in the mid '80's, there was not a whole lot of information to be found, let alone use.

Anyways, now I know.

Whey protein is a wonderful supplement since it contains some great muscle building properties that has one important element that most other protein sources don't have.

That is it's digestibility rate. Whey protein isolate for example (the purest form of whey protein), is one of the fastest acting protein sources today.

Once ingested, whey protein isolate can be in your system shortly thereafter.

As well as being one of the fastest acting proteins, whey protein isolate is rich in Branched Chain Amino Acids (leucine, isoleucine, and valine).

These amino acids are very important since they help prevent muscle protein breakdown during exercise and appear to preserve muscle stores of glycogen. In other words, whey protein isolate contains the muscle building properties that most weight trainers are looking for. This is very important to understand.

So, let's get back to the question: when to take whey protein?

Alright, so now you know that whey protein is 1) easily and efficiently digested, and 2) high in muscle building branched chain amino acids. All we need to know now, is when to take whey protein for the best results.

I've done some research and done a lot of personal experiments to see what works best. I've come to the conclusion that there are 3 windows of opportunity to put the power of whey protein to it's best use. Here is what I think are the best times to take whey protein:

o As soon as you wake up;

o 40 minutes prior to working out;

o Immediately after working out.

Let's take a closer look at each point for the best times to take whey protein.

1) As Soon As You Wake Up

"Get Your Body Ready For Growth!"

Upon wakening, your body is pretty much in a starvation mode. Whether you realize it or not, your body is craving for nutrients and needs these nutrients in order to kick start it's internal mechanisms to start building and working. Your body is weak and wants protein. The sooner you can get some protein into your body, the better.

Personally, I've found that a whey protein isolate drink mixed with some yogurt and orange juice works best. This is one of the more important times of when to take whey protein.

Now this is very important and one that can really boost your weight training results, OVERNIGHT! Approximately 45 minutes after you've consumed your whey protein shake, you must have a full, muscle building breakfast. By doing this, you are jump starting your bodies ability to use the protein effectively and efficiently. Believe me, if you can follow this one little tip, you will soon see your results skyrocket.

2) 40 Minutes Prior To Working Out

"Supercharge Your Workouts!"

If you have some pretty intense workouts, your going to stock up on some fast acting, high quality proteins. Whey protein contains high levels of branched amino acids which help preserve muscle stores of glycogen. This is very, very important. Since glucose is the bodies number one energy source, high muscle stores of glucose ensure high, intense workouts.

I would recommend you ingest a whey protein isolate drink mixed with some carbohydrates to supercharge your workouts.

3) Immediately After Working Out

"The REAL Secret To Building Huge Muscles!

In terms of when to take whey protein, this is the most important time to take in a fast acting protein drink. If you were to only have one protein drink per day, this is the time of day to take it. I'm going to very honest here, by simply taking a protein/carb drink right after after your workouts, you will improve your results immediately.

I strongly suggest that after your workouts, you ingest a fast acting protein source such as whey protein isolate and some fast acting carbohydrates.

Why carbohydrates and protein? When carbohydrates is taken with protein, there's a blast of insulin. Insulin kicks the body's glycogen making machine into high gear. Glycogen is considered the principal storage form of glucose and is found mainly in liver and muscle. Glucose supplies the bodies active tissues with energy.

Therefore, insulin will speed up the movement of glucose and amino acids into cells which is what you definitely want and secondly, it activates a special enzyme which is essential for glycogen synthesis.

Additional research has shown that ingesting a protein/carbohydrate supplement after exercise triggers the release of growth hormone. Great news for building muscle.

If you want to build muscle, always consume a power drink that is rich in whey protein and carbohydrates after your workout and include it in your weight training diet.

Try using the following drink for your post workout meal.

½ cup low fat yogurt

1 scoop(2oz) vanilla whey protein powder- 30 grams protein

1 tbsp honey

1 ½ cup low fat or 1% milk

1 cup orange juice

5 grams creatine monohydrate

Blend all ingredients in a blender until smooth. Includes: 590 calories, 45 grams of protein, 93 grams of carbohydrates, and 6 grams of fat.

Remember to adjust the ingredients to match that of your own nutritional needs. Now, like your breakfast, you will need to follow this up with a full muscle building meal approximately 1 hour later. I am very serious here, because if there is one element that will put you on the track to fast muscle growth, this is it. Have the above noted drink immediately after your workout, no later than 30 minutes and you MUST follow this up with a full muscle building meal 1 hour later.

There you have it. If you can manage to follow the above noted schedule, I'm 100% positive that your gains will improve almost immediately.

When To Take Whey Protein For The Best Results

Blake Bissaillion is the owner of, a website offering free weight training routines for building muscle and strength. The website also offers free menus, nutritional advice, and tips on building muscle and weight lifting. Get your free 12 week weight training program filled with complete menus, supplement schedules, and weight training routine. Designed to add strength and muscle!

Protein Pudding Recipe In Five Minutes!

Protein pudding is a wonderful supplement that many bodybuilders have found to be a great way to knock back 25 grams of protein while enjoying a delicious snack. However the cost often makes enjoying it on a daily basis prohibitive. Here is a recipe or homemade protein pudding, which will allow you to enjoy the same, benefits of delicious protein, with complete control over protein content and flavor.

You'll need:


  • 1 Box (3.9 Ounce) Jell-O Instant Pudding
  • 2 Scoops Whey Protein (Any Brand Works)
  • 1-Cup Skim Milk
  • 1-Cup Cold Water


Protein Pudding Recipe In Five Minutes!

  • First, mix milk and water into bowl
  • Then, beat Pudding mix into water/milk mixture with wire wisk for two minutes
  • Next, mix in whey protein until the consistency is of your liking. Typically, 2 scoops of whey will blend in nicely. You can use more or less protein to obtain the flavor you desire.
  • Finally, pour mixture into serving dishes and give it 5 minutes in the refrigerator to cool.

This tasty treat provides about 600 calories, 60 grams of protein, and 100 grams of carbohydrates. It is fat-free.

Just about any food you make in the home can enjoy some added protein content with just a bit of whey added. Whey protein can be purchased in a variety of flavors, as well as in the unflavored variety. For the baking side of things, pancakes, muffins, biscuits, and other goods can easily be baked with added whey powder. If you're enjoying a milkshake, toss in some protein powder for an added boost. And of course, the option always exists to drink a whey shake in conjunction with meals. The most important part is getting in your 300 to 400 grams of protein daily, by any means necessary. Now, it's time to put down the keyboard, put on your chef's hat, and get creative!

Protein Pudding Recipe In Five Minutes!

Dane Fletcher is the world's most prolific bodybuilding and fitness expert and is currently the executive editor for If you are looking for more bodybuilding tips or information on weight training, or supplementation, please visit, the bodybuilding and fitness authority site with hundreds of articles available FREE to help you meet your goals.

Protein Needs - Men Versus Women

It is the same old, ongoing war to end all wars. Are men and women really all that different? Genetically, we are different. We have different hormones and mature at different rates. Our brains process information differently and studies suggest that we even communicate in totally different ways. But when it comes down to nutrition, are men and women really all that different? The simplest answer is yes, men and women are completely different when it comes to our nutritional needs. There are some things that men need more of than women and some that women need more of than men. The basic nutritional needs are similar, and only the amounts may change in many cases.

Dispelling the Myths

\"Liquid Protein\"

One of the biggest myths surrounding men and protein is that they need a lot more than women. While they do need more, it is not because they are building more muscle or because they are stronger - it is simply because men tend to be taller and heavier than women. The basic determination of how much protein you need follows the same formula, whether you are a man or a woman. If you use this formula, of course you will come up with a larger number for the man, because again, you have started with a larger number to begin with. A bigger man equals a larger need for protein. Two men who are of the same exact weight may have slightly different protein needs however if one of them is a total couch potato or computer nerd whose only exercise is thumbing the scroll button on the mouse or clicking a remote, but the difference will be just that - slight.

Protein Needs - Men Versus Women

Men may also need more protein because of the hormone testosterone, an androgen hormone that is secreted by the testes. In addition, the normal amount of red blood cells in a man's circulatory system is much higher than that of a non-pregnant woman. A woman's blood volume can increase by one half during gestation. (Source: Casey. WebMD)

Watching Out for Too Much Protein

Just like too much fat can make you fat, too much protein can make you fat. It is another common myth that protein turns to muscle automatically - if you eat too much of anything, no matter what it is, the body will turn it into fat, period. Another problem with excess protein can be even more serious. If you eat more protein than you really need, it will eventually get flushed out of your body but will tend to take too much of your calcium with it. The more calcium that gets flushed from your system, the greater the risk of osteoporosis. While men can be affected by this bone stealing disease, it affects women at a much higher rate.

Other Nutrients

Women who are under the age of 50 need about 1000 mg of calcium per day, with the need going up to 1200 mg after the age of 50. Men, on the other hand, only need 800 mg. Get more than that, and the risk for prostate cancer goes way up. That amount is equal to roughly three servings of dairy. There is a discrepancy in the need for iron between men and women, which evens out after a woman turns 50. A woman who is younger than 50, needs about 18 mg of iron per day, but both men and women who are older than 50 only need about 8 mg.

Fiber is where men come out with the greatest need, with men who are under the age of 50 needing about 38 grams of fiber every day and over 50-year-old men needing about 30 grams. Women need 25 grams and 21 grams, respectively. (Source: Tsang, RD 2007)

It is important to note that while both men and women should strive to increase their levels of Omega-3 fatty acids, men should only get theirs from marine based sources because of an increase in the rate of prostate cancer associated with the other types.

Choosing the Right Proteins

So, men only need about.8 grams of protein per kg of their body weight each day, but where should they get it from? There are a number of sources for protein that should be considered. All proteins are classified as either complete or incomplete. A complete protein is one that supplies all eight of the essential amino acids. The body can make many of its own amino acids, with the exception of leucine, isoleucine, valine, threonine, methionine, phenylalanine, tryptophan and lysine. (In children, the amino acid histidine is also considered an essential, but most adults can synthesize it on their own). (Source: The Vegetarian Society)

All animal proteins are considered to be complete proteins because they provide all of the essential amino acids in addition to other nutrients. However, animal proteins, especially some meats, are also high in saturated fat and cholesterol as well as calories. Good animal based proteins include salmon, skinless turkey breast and low fat dairy products. If it can be found, bison is another good protein source because it is lower in fat, especially saturated fat, than other red meats.

Plant proteins are typically incomplete proteins, with the exception of soy, which is the only one that is complete. Each of the plant protein sources is lacking in one or more of the essential amino acids, with grains, nuts and seeds low in isoleucine and lysine. Legumes tend to be low in tryptophan and methionine. (Source: Best). Combining plant proteins with another type can make up for the lack in most cases. Eating a widely varied diet is especially important for vegans and vegetarians, but even they get adequate protein intake.

Opting for Supplements

Many men are on the go from the minute that they hit the floor in the morning. They may not even take the time to eat a decent lunch or they may just end up grabbing fast food to scarf down while heading from one place to another. Not only are they getting too many calories, they are not getting the proper, balanced nutrition that they need. Using a protein supplement can take the place of some of the fast food on the go and can help them to stay healthy, active and strong. Protein is not only vital for good health, but it helps with hunger control and can keep the blood sugar levels steadier after a meal. Men are more susceptible to problems with hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) than women are. There are many options for protein supplementation, including liquid protein shots, protein shakes, protein puddings, powders and of course, protein bars. It is important to read the labels and make sure that you are getting actual nutrition, including protein that you can use, instead of just a lot of empty calories, extra fat and way too much sugar. Some protein bars are nothing more than expensive candy bars and should be avoided. Profect, the liquid protein shot from Protica, is only 2.9 fluid ounces but has 25 grams of protein in it. It has zero carbs, zero fats and only 100 total calories and comes in a number of flavors to choose from.


Ben Best. Does Excess Protein Cause Kidney Damage?

John Casey. Men Have Special Nutritional Needs. WebMd

Gloria Tsang, RD. Men vs. Women: Differences in Nutritional Requirements October 2007.

Protein Needs - Men Versus Women

About Protica Research

Founded in 2001, Protica, Inc. is a nutritional research firm specializing in the development of protein-rich, capsulized foods (dense nutrition in compact liquid and food forms). Protica manufactures Profect protein beverage, IsoMetric, Fruitasia and more than 100 other brands in its GMP-certified, 250,000 square foot facility.

You can learn more about Protica at

Copyright - Protica Research -

A High Protein Diet Plan For Healthy Weight Loss

High protein diet plans have always been popular with athletes and are now increasing in popularity among regular dieters.

While normal people who do not exercise can eat moderately high amounts of protein foods, athletes and people on muscle building diets should eat at least 1 gram per lb of bodyweight in order to build muscle. A high protein diet plan is followed by bodybuilders. Bodybuilding athletes always include a high protein food source in their daily diet.


Whether you need to lose weight or want to build muscle, a diet plan with plenty of protein will help you achieve your goal. Consuming high amounts of protein and low amounts of carbohydrate allow for a slow burning of energy and maintain stable blood sugar levels. This maintains a healthy pancreas and assists in maintaining healthy weight. Whereas diets high in carbohydrates have been linked to obesity, low-carb, diets with plenty of protein have been found to support weight loss.

A High Protein Diet Plan For Healthy Weight Loss

Protein is the fuel for muscle building. During weightlifting and intensive training, muscle tissue breaks down. In order to rebuild that tissue we need to be on a high protein diet plan. If your goal is fat loss, a high protein diet is also very important. Most high protein diets are also low in carbohydrates and saturated fats. To accelerate weight loss, you need to reduce carbohydrates and lower the calorie intake. A high protein diet plan can help you to do this. The total amount of protein consumed should be spread over 5 to 6 meals throughout the course of a day.

The times of day you eat protein foods is important. Eat protein foods at breakfast, before a work out and for your evening meal. A good higher protein diet plan will include a good, breakfast high in protein. Immediately after a work out drink a protein shake or drink to assist with quick muscle repair. A protein meal (slow digesting form of protein) before bed, might seem strange but it provides a slow release of high quality amino acids while you sleep.

A High Protein Diet Plan For Healthy Weight Loss

Looking at fat loss plans? Be sure to visit my fat loss help site for some alternatives.

The 3 Day Workout Upper Body Strength & Mass Building Program

When you go to the gym, it is very likely you see people performing a vast array of lifting and exercising techniques, and while these "exotic" techniques do work for certain muscle groups and specific desired outcomes, but for pure strength and mass building, the same basic lifting techniques people have always done are simply the most effective. Bench press, military press, squats, pull-ups and dips are still the most effective way to efficiently build mass and increase strength.

I won't go into complex rep sets and particular lifts; this is more of a general guide to productive lifting. It is directed by a simple concept: lift as much weight as possible. Sounds simple right, it is, but it's maybe not what you're thinking. A simple mathematic equation explains this concept: pounds x reps x sets = total lbs. lifted. If you lift 100lbs. in weight for 10 repetitions for 3 sets, the equation looks like this: 100lbs x 10reps x 3sets = 3000lbs. total. Now if your goal is strength and mass, you should increase your weight approx. 35-45%, reduce your repetitions to 5, but increase your sets to 5, then the equation looks like this: 140lbs. x 5reps x 5sets = 3500lbs. giving you an extra 500lbs. lifted (or a 17% increase) per set group, thus building mass and strength faster than traditional 10rep 3set lifts. This mainly only applies to the more basic core exercises such as bench press, pull ups, military press, and squats.

\"Liquid Protein\"

The second basic principle of effective mass and strength building is to remember that resting your muscles is JUST AS important as the workout itself. Muscle doesn't build while you're working out, it builds during the rest periods in between workouts (mainly at night while you sleep) . Therefore, if you are going to work out back to back days you need to make sure you don't use the same muscle group(s) as you did the day before. I like to think of it as having main muscle "groups". They are not technically grouped muscles, but you'll understand what I mean in a second. When you do a bench press the two major muscles involved are your chest muscles and triceps. So we'll call that muscle group 1. When you do a pull-up, the two major muscles involved are your latissimus dorsi (we'll refer to as Lats) and your biceps. So we'll call that muscle group 2. The last major muscles on your upper body are your shoulder muscles, and when you do a military press you use your shoulder muscles and triceps. So we'll call this muscle group 3. Now you'll notice that your triceps are involved in two different muscle groups. Therefore a typical workout week would go something like this:

The 3 Day Workout Upper Body Strength & Mass Building Program

Day 1:
Bench press -2 different exercises such as regular bench & incline bench, or regular bench and dumbbell press or some variation (works: chest, triceps)

Butterflies- Using a machine or dumbbells (3 sets of 8 or 10 is sufficient) (works: chest)

Dips/Tricep Extensions- 2 different exercises (works: triceps)

Day 2:
Pull ups/Lat Pulls- 2 different exercises such as pull-ups and lat pulls, or lat pulls and bent over rows (works: lats, biceps)

Curls- 2 different exercises such as barbell and dumbbell curls, or barbell and cable curls (works: biceps)

(Would be a good day to throw in your trap and forearm workouts if wanted)

Day 3:
Military Press (standing or seated)- 2 different exercises such as barbell dumbbell, standing barbell & seated dumbbell, seated dumbbell & machine or some variation (works: shoulders, triceps)

Lateral raise/Front raise- 3 sets of 10 is sufficient (works: shoulders)

Dips/Tricep Extensions- 2 different exercises (works: triceps)

Now the main part of all this is to split up the days you work your triceps. Since they are used in two core muscle groups, to get the most strength building for your chest and shoulders you will want your triceps fully rested, so as I said you can, "lift as much weight as possible", to get maximum gains.

Lastly, if you've been to your local GNC you've seen the plethora of pills and liquids and powders and just about anything else you can think of promising to bulk you up fast. In the end, the most productive and cost effective way to supplement your workout is good old fashioned protein. Fish, chicken, eggs, peanuts (peanut butter), and milk are all excellent sources of protein. And as for a supplement, protein drinks are the probably the best way to go. Since I'm not too fond of the thick protein "shakes", I personally like the clear liquid protein drinks, they taste kind of like Kool-Aid. One I use regularly is IsoPure. They are about -4 bucks a piece, but they do contain 40 grams of pure protein, and you can drink them down a whole lot easier if you are have trouble stomaching a blender full of chocolate shake.

Like I said this is a basic strategy for anyone unfamiliar with fundamental strength and mass building workout regimens. It is by no means a strict guideline that must be followed to the letter. One of the biggest parts of keeping a regular workout program is not getting burnt out. If you don't feel like doing a certain exercise a certain day, don't force yourself to do it. People will disagree, but they are the same people that work out as hard as they absolutely can for 6 weeks then get burnt out for a year, which achieves nothing. Slow and steady wins the race. But if you follow these simple steps, keep it fun and stay persistent, you'll soon see you're achieving your ultimate goal, which is results.

The 3 Day Workout Upper Body Strength & Mass Building Program

John Chilton is co-founder of Platypus PC Inc

Choosing The Right Protein Powder

Before deciding which protein powder is necessary, here is a short protein primer to help you make sense of the thousands of different protein powders from which to choose. Whey, milk, egg, and soy are some of the "mainstream" names, but to the bodybuilding community it gets broken down even more:

Whey protein isolate


whey protein concentrate

Choosing The Right Protein Powder

Hydrolyzed whey

Calcium caseinate

Egg white

Whole egg

Micellar casein

Etc, etc, etc...

What are the benefits of all these different forms of protein?

Whey protein makes up 20% of total milk protein. Whey is recognized for its excellent amino acid profile, high cysteine content, rapid digestion, and interesting variety of peptides.

Casein protein makes up 80% of total milk protein. Casein is recognized for its excellent amino acid profile, slow digestion and interesting variety of peptides. Since casein is slowly digested into your bloodstream, don't use it during workouts or after workouts - you need a fast absorbing protein at these times.

Soy protein is the most controversial of all protein types. While the soy groupies have gone to great lengths to label soy as a super food with magical effects, there is also a good amount of research that suggests soy protein may be contraindicated in many situations. Because of all the confusion, I suggest avoiding soy protein altogether and sticking to the other types listed.

Protein Blends are generally a combination of several types of protein blends such as whey protein concentrate, whey protein isolate, egg protein, casein protein, and soy protein. Why would you want a blend anyway? You will receive the full spectrum of proteins and you will receive varying rates of absorption from the different types of protein.

Whey hydrolysates (also known as hydrolyzed whey protein, and are also called peptides), are powerful proteins that are more quickly absorbed; more so than any other form, since your body prefers peptides to whole proteins. Hydrolysates are produced through very low heat, low acid and mild enzymatic filtration processes, (those highest in the essential and the branched chain amino acids) and are potentially the most anabolic for short-term protein synthesis such as 15 minutes prior to a workout, during a workout and immediately after a workout.

Whey Protein Versus Whey Isolate:

Most whey protein powders that stock the supplement shelves are made up of whey concentrate and mixed in with a small portion of whey isolate. Comparing the two, whey protein isolate is more expensive than whey protein concentrate because it has a higher quality (more pure) and a higher BV (biological value). Whey protein isolate contains more protein and less fat and lactose per serving. Most whey protein isolates contain 90-98% protein while whey concentrates contain 70-85% protein.

Whey protein isolate is the highest yield of protein currently available that comes from milk. Because of its chemical properties it is the easiest to absorb into your system. Obviously with its high concentration, it appears that an isolate protein would be the obvious choice instead of a concentrate. However, this is an individual decision because the isolate is more expensive, and just because it is purer does not guarantee that it will help build bigger muscles. Its extra concentration may not justify its extra cost.

How can we use these different forms to our advantage?

Whey Protein:

Since it is very quickly digested the best time to consume it is within six hours after a workout, prior to a workout or breakfast.

Casein Protein:

Since it is slowly digested the best time to consume it is anytime of the day except breakfast and within six hours after a workout when your body requires a more immediate source.

Soy Protein:

As mentioned I would avoid this one altogether.

Blend Proteins:

Using a blend will create an anabolic environment from the whey and an anti-catabolic environment from the casein - use this kind at periods outside of the six hour post workout window.

Whey Hydrolysates:

Use a hydrolysate protein for your pre, during and post workout nutrition because this will enter your blood stream quicker than any other form.

Money aside, which form of protein do you believe is most beneficial? Why?

Dollar for dollar, protein powders and meal replacement drinks tend to be more cost effective than whole food. Don't get me wrong, though. Protein powders are still supplements in my book. Supplement means an addition to the diet. I emphasize this because the focus of any diet should be food. Whole food is often preferable to powders because it can offer a whole spectrum of nutrients that powders cannot.

Most of your dietary protein should come from meat, fish, poultry and eggs. However getting all your protein from whole food is not always practical or convenient, especially if you have to eat 6 or more times a day to get your required intake. I will stress to you, for optimal muscle gains, that you should limit yourself to a maximum of three per day or 40 % of your meals.
The bottom line is that both are necessary to achieve a complete nutritional balance as well as the desired level of protein intake, especially if you're not a big fan of cooking. Do not make the fatal mistake of thinking protein powders can take the place of a solid training and nutrition program.

So what is the bottom line? Which should you choose?

For the pre, during and post workout phase, as long as whey hydrolysate is the first or second ingredient on the supplement label then there is probably not enough in the product to influence protein synthesis to reap the optimal benefits. As stated, whey isolates are also a very extremely high quality whey and for maximal anabolism isolates should be combined with whey hydrolysates for only the pre, during and post workout phases of your program. The inclusion of small amounts of whey concentrates will not harm you but this should not be the first ingredient on the tub of protein powder.

If you are looking for the strongest protein powder to exploit your full growth potential during all other times of the day then use a blend. You will receive the full spectrum of proteins and you will receive varying rates of absorption from the different types of protein. Using a blend will create an anabolic environment from the whey and an anti-catabolic environment from the casein

Choosing The Right Protein Powder

Vince DelMonte is the author of No Nonsense Muscle Building: Skinny Guy Secrets To Insane Muscle Gain found at

He specializes in teaching skinny guys how to build muscle and gain weight quickly without drugs, supplements and training less than before.

Protein Treatment For Hair Tips

This article will point out some protein treatment for hair tips and make you aware of what you need to do to make your hair shine and grow. You will know how to take care of your hair when certain conditions arises and you want the best treatment that you can get. Having these protein treatment for hair tips will make you aware of how to have a healthy body of hair that you can be proud of.

You will be able to find additional resources of information when you investigate issues about your hair from information given in this report.


So if you are looking for some at home hair remedies for women and you have fine straight hair here are some points to listen too.

Protein Treatment For Hair Tips

If you have fine straight hair and it lays limp most of the time then your hair definitely has too much moisture in it. In fact, that is the exact reason why it is limp and lifeless. Underscore the fact that it is very important to keep your hair clean and dry. As long as your hair is not chemically treated and you are not abusing it in any way, ask your stylist to recommend a good quality shampoo for fine hair and don't even use a conditioner. You don't need it because your scalp is naturally secreting the oils that you need for your hair. The protein treatment for hair is a natural for you and many people have to create what you have naturally.

Are the strands of your hair being frazzled?

If they are then you can self diagnosis yourself to the fact that your body needs protein to stay strong and to keep your hair healthy. To promote protein treatment for hair you need to feed your scalp a protein rich diet of wheat, vegetable and milk protein products so that your scalp can thwart off the stresses of your life and insure that your hair does not get affected and stays healthy and strong.

Protein treatment for hair also includes a diet for eating as well. Remember to eat a well balanced, protein filled diet to insure that your scalp receives the proper amount of nutrients. Remember that hair is mostly made of protein and a protein nutrient by the name of keratin. If you don't have enough of this nutrient then you will certainly notice its affects.

Research studies have shown that vitamin B6, zinc and azelaic acid combined together slows down the activity of issues that cause hair loss symptoms.

So if you are looking for more information go and visit some hair loss forums where real people ask questions that just might give an answer to your own questions.

Having protein treatment for hair will help you maintain your hair throughout your life if you take care of it responsibly.

Protein Treatment For Hair Tips

Know that it is not too late to regrow your hair. So many people give up the idea of ever having their hair grow back to what it once was. Give yourself a chance now by clicking here.

What is Protein? A Simple Definition

Most people understand protein as a nutrient the body needs to function in a normal, healthy way, that and the fact that you can get it from eating steak. This is true but definitely not limited to that. It's not just about a healthy diet and proper nutrition. Protein probably plays one of the biggest parts in the development of the human anatomy. It is one of the most basic building blocks of our body. The bones for example are mostly known to be made up of calcium but did you know it's about one-fourth protein? The muscles in our body, our organs and the immune system are mostly made up of proteins.

PROTEIN BY DEFINITION. Protein came from the Greek word "proteios" that means holding first place. The proteins that we get from what we eat are converted into different types of molecules. Our muscles, organs and the immune system are mostly made up of protein. Protein is also essential for building DNA, a genetic code that is unique for each individual. Most of our dry weight (that is the part of body that is not made of water) is made up of protein. The bones (as mentioned earlier), muscles, tissues and skin are some of these.


BASICS. More specifically, the proteins that we get are made up of something more basic. These are called the amino acids. These consist of organic compounds like carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and sometimes even sulfur. These organic compounds react to each other to form a bond. This bond or reaction is essential for the molecule building as suggested earlier. Moreover, there are over 20 amino acids that make up protein.

What is Protein? A Simple Definition

Of this number there are about 13 amino acids that our body can produce on its' own. You don't even have to think about it. However, at least 9 amino acids need to be supplemented. These are called essential amino acids. Examples are: Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Selenocysteine, Threonine, Tryptophan and Valine. These are the ones that we need to get out of the protein rich food that we take.

Other than amino acids, proteins also bond with sugar (usually from carbohydrates), lipids (fats), or even metal (iron). For example, some organic compounds that react with iron will form hemoglobin. These are pigments in the red blood cells that are responsible to transport oxygen and remove carbon dioxide in the tissues through the bloodstream. Simply put, hemoglobin are proteins that has iron atoms. Protein also serves as a chief ingredient for antibodies. Antibodies as part of our immune system help us resist infection by blocking and protecting our bodies from foreign intruders.

PROTEIN DEFICIENCY. All those being said, lack of protein can cause a lot of damage throughout a person's body. For one, it can lead to reduced intelligence and mental retardation. People who suffer from Alzheimer's disease lack specific proteins for the brain. In third world countries alone, protein-energy malnutrition kills 10 million annually. Protein deficiency is very common in poor, overpopulated countries. This is where famine usually occurs which raises the rate of malnutrition. Developing countries also has reports of protein deficiency but mostly on adults. Dieting or crash dieting to lose weight is one reason.

There is much more to protein especially once you break it down piece by piece. One must understand the proper use of protein to know what role it plays in the human body and how to use it. It doesn't end with what's on the dining table.

What is Protein? A Simple Definition

Martha Casantosan
Click here for more protein related articles and information.

Different Types of Protein

Whey protein is a quickly digested protein, and as such it is ideal to use during workout and post-workout. During the post workout time, there is a great need for amino acids to begin muscle repair and Whey protein is excellent for this. Whey is highly bioavailable, and boasts the highest biological value of any protein source. Therefore, a whey product may be an excellent choice for those looking for a protein product that can be readily used by the body to build mass.

Casein protein is slower absorbing from the stomach and small intestine so the blood amino acid levels don't rise quite as rapidly. The slow absorption will help sustain elevated amino acid levels over a longer period of time. Casein is extracted from the milk through ultra filtration, without the use of chemicals. This process increases the amount of bioactive milk peptides that support immune function as well as enhance muscle growth. Because this type or protein is an extremely slow digesting protein, which some people mistake for being inferior. However casein is a rich protein source that will feed the body at a steady rate, which makes it ideal as a dietary supplement during the day or as a night-time protein to feed the body while you sleep.


Casein is the only protein you should be taking before going to sleep. The reason is because your body needs to be sustained for six to eight hours during your sleep without food. Casein protein is also found in milk but works more slowly and also sticks around in the blood for longer. It also has properties that help prevent muscle depletion. Casein is best taken before bedtime when the body needs a steady supply of proteins while the muscles repair and rebuild during the night.

Different Types of Protein

Egg protein is considered to be one of the best forms of natural protein. The white of eggs contains the proteins. Egg Protein Powder Egg protein is still one of the highest-quality proteins available. It is virtually devoid of carbs and fat, and it is readily digested and absorbed. Egg yolks provide healthy fats, as well as highly bioavailable iron, riboflavin, folate, vitamins B12, D and E, and choline (which enhances strength and brain function).

Different Types of Protein


Protein Poisoning Symptoms

There are too many protein poisoning symptoms to list in this short article. Degenerative diseases of all kinds are either directly or indirectly caused by protein poisoning. Let us start with cancer.

Cancer is caused, when excess protein in the body, causes an adverse reaction to a toxic substance, resulting in the body losing control of the cells. Once this happens the cells start growing outside the supervision of the brain. Cancer is in essence normal body cells doing their own thing, at their own pace. It has been known for years that cancer can be turned on or off by adjusting protein levels. (1)


Arthritis, is caused primarily by protein poisoning. It is aggravated by too much inorganic minerals in the diet. High protein levels are associated with high uric acid levels. Uric acid has long been known to eat away at the cartilage in joints. Lowering protein levels is a first step in getting rid of arthritis. (2)

Protein Poisoning Symptoms

Heart disease, diabetes and most other diseases can be directly or indirectly linked to animal protein consumption. Most people who eat animal products eat a deranged protein that the body cannot use to build strong healthy tissue. If you look at the way the white of an egg changes from clear to white, you are experiencing the derangement of protein. This deranged protein is so much toxic waste that the body has to deal with. Much of it is absorbed by the body and causes much damage.

The consumption of high levels of animal protein produces an acid condition in the body which is the direct cause of osteoporosis, and tooth decay. The body has to rob the bones and teeth of calcium to keep the acid from killing you.

Most people think that we use protein to build strong muscles. The truth is that we use Amino acids to create the proteins we need to build strong muscles and every other part of the body. Our bodies have to break down the protein that we consume into its individual amino acids before we can use it. This process is supposed to happen in the digestive system. It has a hard time converting deranged protein into usable amino acids.

The best sources for amino acids, to build strong bodies, are vegetables and fruits. The lowly lettuce salad has more usable protein in the form of amino acids than a steak. Because most plant foods have the protein in the form we need the body has less work to do to digest the food.

Protein Poisoning Symptoms

The China Study is the single most complete and honest study of protein that has ever been written for the average person to read and understand how protein poisoning is related to the consumption of animal products. []

My arthritis site is a good place to learn more about the relationship of protein consumption and arthritis. []

Charles Snyder is a health minister. He teaches anyone who wants to get well and stay well without drugs and surgery how to do it. You can contact him from the above website or from his Six Months to Live site,

The Best Protein Powder

What is the best protein powder to buy? I get this question all the time, and really, there is no best protein - many are very good for different reasons! In my opinion, it is futile and possibly detrimental to stick to only one brand for the following reasons:

a) I always recommend that you cycle your supplements so that your body does not get used to them thereby decreasing their effect.


b) For variety sakes alone, it breaks the monotony and allows you to try different brands.

The Best Protein Powder

c) To take advantage of the unique qualities offered by various brands.

d) It is a good idea to switch the powders you use on a frequent basis to not develop any food intolerances or even worse allergies. A blend that combines various protein sources (i.e., casein, egg, whey, and even beef if you can find it) is your best bet. I highly recommend the following: MD+ Myosin Protein Complex, Beverly International Muscle Provider, Biotest Low-Carb GROW!, and CNP Professional ProPeptide.

High-quality whey protein powders (e.g., Catanzaro Supplements Post-Workout Formula) are excellent choices for post-workout nutrition since they get into your system fast to feed those depleted muscles. Casein, on the other hand, is a slow releasing protein as it recurdles into a solid in your gut prolonging digestion - this would be an ideal choice prior to your workouts or before going to bed.

Anyhow, as far as whey powders are concerned, amino acid complex profile determines quality. I have in my possession a list of protein powders that were analyzed for quality by an independent laboratory, but since I don't want any of these companies breathing down my neck, I will only divulge that information to my clients. Remember one thing, you get what you pay for! Keep that in mind. Also, some people are quite sensitive to aspartame and lactose so you will have to find free versions of those. Taste will ultimately determine whether you purchase that powder again. Write in with some of your feedback on these products - I'd love to hear your comments.

One more thing, you could even mix protein powder into other foods to up the protein content and improve the flavor. Mixing protein powder in (slow-cooked) oatmeal is one option, but here's another. I call it my "bedtime concoction." Add a scoop of Xtreme Formulations Ultra Peptide (vanilla) to a mixture of ricotta (whey) and cottage (casein) cheese. Not only does this provide both an anabolic and anticatabolic effect during sleep, it also tastes amazing - it's like eating the cream filling of a cannoli without the pastry shell! Try it.

The Best Protein Powder

John Paul Catanzaro, B.Sc., C.K., C.E.P., is a Certified Kinesiologist and Certified Exercise Physiologist with a Specialized Honours Bachelor of Science degree in Kinesiology and Health Science. He owns and operates a private gym in Richmond Hill, Ontario providing training and nutritional consulting services. For additional information, visit his website at or call 905-780-9908.

Note: John Paul has just released his new book The Elite Trainer: Strength Training for the Serious Professional. Pick up your copy today at

Top 10 Protein Foods List - Know the Best Protein-Rich Foods You Should Eat

Protein is essential in building muscles, restoring and replacing tissues, and maintaining a healthy immune and hormonal system. For people who are physically active, more protein is needed in their diets. The following list contains the top foods that are the best sources of protein.

Protein-rich foods for vegetarian athletes:


1. Cowpeas and leafy tips that are cooked and drained (may be added with salt)
2. Raw and fresh egg whites
3. Cheeses such as cottage cheese, non-creamed cheese, dry cheese, and non-fat cheese
4. Dried seaweed and spirulina
5. Extra-Firm or Silken-Lite Mori-Nu Tofu
6. Soy sauce from tamari
7. Low-fat, 1% milk-fat cottage cheese
8. Lite-Firm Mori-Nu Tofu
9. Raw pumpkin leaves
10. Nuts and seeds such as cashew nuts, walnuts, and almonds

Top 10 Protein Foods List - Know the Best Protein-Rich Foods You Should Eat

The following are the top 10 animal-based and plant-based protein foods:

1. Red meat such as beef, pork, and liver
2. White meat such as chicken and fish
3. Eggs and dairy products such as:
a. Hard cheeses including Parmesan
b. Soft cheeses such as Mozzarella, Brie, and Camembert
c. Medium cheeses such as cheddar and Swiss
d. Yogurt
e. Cottage cheese
f. Milk
g. Eggs
4. Legumes - These are edible dried beans (seedpods) such as chickpeas, flagelot beans, kidney beans, split beans, haricot beans, and lentils. They are rich sources of protein.
5. Nuts and seeds - Over the years, nuts and seeds have been among the best sources of protein. Examples of nuts are almonds, cashew nuts, peanuts, and walnuts. These can be served chopped, raw, or roasted.
6. Cereals and food grains - Eating protein-rich cooked grains promotes muscle building.
7. Algae - A type of seaweed, spirulina is among the best protein-rich foods there are.
8. Fruits - With today's technology, fruits can be eaten canned, frozen, or dried. Regardless of how they are prepared, fruits are still nutritious and included in the list of protein-rich foods.
9. Vegetables - Laden with protein, vitamins, and minerals, vegetables are known to be among the best foods for staying healthy.
10. Seitan - Seitan is a meat substitute. It is prepared from whole-wheat flour mixed with sufficient amount of water, kneaded and rinsed in water, expelling starch and bran. The protein is simmered in a soya sauce to become seitan. Seitan broth can be added as flavoring.

Top 10 Protein Foods List - Know the Best Protein-Rich Foods You Should Eat

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Diseases Caused From Protein Deficiency

We all know that protein plays a vital role in our survival, from providing energy to promoting muscle growth and recovery. But, did you also know that there are a number of serious diseases that are caused by not having enough protein in our diets?

Protein deficiencies are caused by one of two things: unhealthy eating habits and malnutrition. The majority of cases of protein deficiency are caused by not eating enough, or the right, protein-rich foods. But, there are some cases of patients who suffer from conditions known as congenital protein C or S deficiencies, which can cause unusual clotting of the blood.

\"Liquid Protein\"

A well-known condition caused by these deficiencies that is recently coming to light is thrombosis. You may have seen news stories in the past few years about people with this condition and air travel, with some cases of the sufferers actually dying.

Diseases Caused From Protein Deficiency

There are a number of other health conditions that can be attributed to not having enough protein in your diet. Some of these conditions include breast cancer, heart disease, colon cancer and osteoarthritis. Low blood pressure, a low heart rate, and anemia are also conditions that can be caused in part by not having enough of the right proteins in your diet. Other issues people who do not get enough protein may face are cirrhosis of the liver, the shrinking of muscle tissue, and edema.

Malnutrition In Third World Countries Caused By Protein Deficiencies

We see the commercials nearly every time we watch television. Images of children in third world countries, who are sick and dying from malnutrition, haunt us. Much of this malnutrition comes from a protein deficiency known as kwashiorkor, and is mainly found in infants who are weaned.

Because the food they are weaned with lacks the proteins these children need to develop strong muscles and be protected from a number of diseases, they often develop a condition known as marasmus. This is when a lack of protein causes body tissues to degenerate, or waste away. Children with this condition often experience growth and other developmental problems.

Dietary Sources of Protein

It is not difficult to get more protein in your diet, and it doesn't have to taste bad either, which is a common misconception about many "diet" foods. Some of your favorite dishes, such as steak, fish, beans and more are loaded with protein, and a single serving of one of these dishes can even provide the total recommended daily intake of protein.

There are foods that are complete proteins and those that are incomplete proteins. Contrary to popular belief, you can get all of the protein you need in your diet to avoid a number of health issues with incomplete proteins. Just eat them in combination, and you will be getting your recommended daily intake of protein.

Below you will find many delicious, protein-packed foods, and the amount of protein they contain per serving or gram. These foods include meat, fish and poultry, milk products, nuts, fruits and vegetables, and grains.

Meat, Fish and Poultry - Protein Per Serving

Six-ounce serving of steak - 42 grams

Most cuts of beef - 7 grams/ounce

Chicken breast - 11 grams/ounce

Chicken drumstick - 11 grams

Fish fillets - 7 grams/ounce

Canned tuna (six ounce can)- 40 grams

Pork chop, average size - 22 grams

Pork loin or tenderloin - 7 grams/ounce

Ham - 6 grams/ounce

Eggs and Milk Products - Protein Per Serving

1 large egg - 6 grams

Milk - 8 grams/Cup

Cottage Cheese - 15 grams/.5 Cup

Hard Cheese - 10 grams/ounce

Medium Cheese - 8 grams/ounce

Soft cheese - 6 grams/ounce

Yogurt -10 grams/cup

Vegetables - Protein Per Serving

Broccoli, raw - 17 grams/bunch

Tomatoes, canned - 11 grams/Cup

Split peas, boiled, no salt - 16 grams/Cup

Lentils, mature, boiled, no salt - 18 grams/cup

Canned corn - 5 grams/Cup

Frozen spinach, boiled, no salt - 6 grams/Cup

Nuts and Seeds - Protein Per Serving

Peanuts - 9 grams/.25 Cup

Cashews - 5 grams/.25 Cup

Almonds - 8 grams/.25 Cup

Sunflower seeds - 6 grams/.25 Cup

Peanut butter - 8 grams/2 TBSP

Grains - Protein Per Serving

Buckwheat flour - 15 grams/Cup

Oat bran - 7 grams/Cup

Brown rice, cooked - 5 grams/Cup

Whole grain wheat flour - 16 grams/Cup

Beans - Protein Per Serving

Soy beans - 14 grams/.5 Cup

Split peas - 8 grams/.5 Cup

Most beans, including black - 7-10 grams/.5 Cup

Get Your Recommended Daily Intake of Protein With Supplements

If you aren't getting enough of the right proteins in your diet, for whatever reasons, you can get the protein that you need through a number of different types of protein supplements. These supplements are available in powder, liquid and capsule form, and are used by a number of people, including bodybuilders, athletes, dieters, and people recovering from surgery and other health issues.

Protein Powders - If you are looking for versatile supplements that can be used in most of your favorite recipes, protein powders are the way to go. In their unflavored forms, these powders can be used in just about any recipe you can think of. All you need to do is add a couple of scoops to the dish you are preparing. Or, you can get flavored powders, such as chocolate, vanilla, berry and fruit punch, which can be used to make lots of great-tasting shakes, smoothies and slushies. These drinks are a terrific way to make sure that your kids are getting enough protein in their diets, especially if they are fussy eaters.

Liquid Protein Supplements - You can get liquid protein supplements in pre-prepared drinks that are portable and very tasty. Or, many liquid protein supplements, like their powdered counterparts, can be added to many recipes, including shakes and smoothies. Many of these supplements are milk-based, so if you or your family members are lactose intolerant, or are allergic to milk and milk products, you need to carefully read the ingredients to make sure the supplement you are purchasing does not contain these products.

Protein Capsules - This form of protein supplement is pretty much self-explanatory. Powdered or liquid protein in concentrated forms is put into capsules, which you can easily take with a glass of water, milk or juice.

Diseases Caused From Protein Deficiency

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Liquid Protein Shake Diet

Trying to burn fat? Exercise alone is not enough. You must learn how to change your diet for more dramatic results.

Most adults have 3 meals a day - breakfast, lunch and dinner. But there are some issues when you take just 3 meals a day.

\"Liquid Protein\"

First of all, the nutrients are not distributed throughout the day. You fill yourself up with all kinds of nutrients, and then you go without food for 6 hours (until your next meal). Usually, before your 6 hours is up, you are already feeling hungry. So by the time you get to the dinner table, you are starving. And you tend to eat more because you feel hungry.

Liquid Protein Shake Diet

The body doesn't need all the nutrients at one go. In fact, it prefers to have food that can be digested throughout the day. If you eat smaller meals, you find that you actually need less food on a daily basis without every feeling hungry.

Unfortunately, most working adults simply don't have the time to prepare and consume 5 to 6 meals a day. So what you can is to reduce the amount of food that you consume for your 3 main meals. Instead, go on a liquid protein shake diet. That means adding one to two shakes to your daily meal consumption. You can have one at 3pm in the afternoon, and then one more before you hit the pillows.

When you eat less and consume more protein, you boost metabolism by building up your lean muscle mass and preventing fat accumulation. Your enhanced metabolism will help you to burn more fat throughout the day.

Liquid Protein Shake Diet

Burn fat and get ripped with whey protein shakes - Read more about GNC Protein Shake Benefits

Gallbladder Problems Common In Celiac Disease May Be Missed By Doctors Because Of Normal Tests

Gallbladder disease is a common condition typically affecting young and otherwise healthy individuals. Risk factors include obesity, diabetes, female gender, pregnancy, family history, rapid weight loss, liquid protein diets, and race or ethnic background. When typical symptoms of right sided upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloating occur within 15-90 minutes of eating, especially a fatty meal, gallstones are usually suspected. Ultrasound of the gallbladder is the first test ordered and will confirm the presence or absence of gallstones. If gallstones are confirmed then surgical removal of the gallbladder is recommended.

However, if the ultrasound is negative or normal and gallbladder disease is still suspected a nuclear test called biliary scintography or more commonly called HIDA scan is ordered. The basis of this test is the fact that a radiolabeled chemical is administered intravenously that is concentrated in the liver where bile is made before being stored in the gallbladder between meals. If the gallbladder is diseased it may fail to be seen on the scan due to blockage or fail to empty as expected when a hormone called cholecystokinin (CCK) is given intravenously. CCK is present in the body and released with meals to stimulate gallbladder emptying of bile into the intestine for digestion. Typically, the gallbladder will empty a third or more of its volume when CCK is given during a HIDA scan but usually not more than 70-80%. The fraction of volume the gallbladder empties is referred to as the ejection fraction. A low ejection fraction is typical of a diseased gallbladder. Reproduction of the typical pain of gallbladder disease and a low ejection fraction are considered diagnostic of gallbladder disease in the absence of gallstones and results in a recommendation that the gallbladder be removed surgically.

\"Liquid Protein\"

An unusual phenomenon has been observed in some Celiac patients. Gallbladder type abdominal pain without gallstones and a "supranormal" gallbladder ejection fraction. Surgery relieves the gallbladder type pain and a diseased gallbladder is found. Radiology studies have been reported in the literature that shed light on this phenomenon though it's significance has been largely missed by the medical community.

Gallbladder Problems Common In Celiac Disease May Be Missed By Doctors Because Of Normal Tests

Various ultrasound findings have been reported in Celiac disease, primarily in the European literature. Colli et. al in Italy noted increased fasting volumes of the gallbladder by ultrasound in untreated Celiac patients and Mariciani et. al. in the U.K. found increased gallbladder volumes and elevated gallbladder ejection fractions using MRI. Low CCK levels have been reported in Celiac patients (Deprez 2002, Rehfeld 2004). This physician has had several Celiac disease patients who have had high gallbladder ejection fractions (typically >90%) associated with classic gallbladder symptoms that resolved after gallbladder surgery. Chronic gallbladder disease was confirmed pathologically.

Gallbladder disease should be considered in Celiac disease patients despite normal ultrasound and HIDA tests, especially if a "supranormal" ejection fraction is noted and pain reproduced with CCK. Patients with abnormal high gallbladder ejection fractions should be considered as possible undiagnosed Celiacs and should undergo blood tests for Celiac disease and consideration of upper endoscopy with small bowel biopsy.

1. Fraquelli M; Colli A; Colucci A; Bardella MT; Trovato C; Pometta R; Pagliarulo M; Conte D. Accuracy of ultrasonography in predicting celiac disease. Arch Intern Med. 2004; 164(2):169-74.

2. Marciani L; Coleman NS; Dunlop SP; Singh G; Marsden CA; Holmes GK; Spiller RC; Gowland PA. Gallbladder contraction, gastric emptying and antral motility:single visit assessment of upper GI function in untreated celiac disease using echo-planar MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2005; 22(5):634-8.

3. Deprez P; Sempoux C; Van Beers BE; Jouret A; Robert A; Rahier J; Geubel A; Pauwels S; Mainguet P. Persistent decreased plasma cholecystokinin levels in celiac patients under gluten free diet:respective roles of histological changes and nutrient hydrolysis. Regul Pept. 2002;110(1):55-63

4. Rehfeld JF. Clinical endocrinology and metabolism. Cholecystokinin. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004; 18(4):569-86.

Gallbladder Problems Common In Celiac Disease May Be Missed By Doctors Because Of Normal Tests

Dr. Scot Lewey is a physician who is specialty trained and board certified in the field of gastroenterology (diseases of the digestive system) who practices his specialty in Colorado. He is the physician advisor to the local Celiac Sprue support group and is a published author and researcher who is developing a web based educational program for people suffering from food intolerances,